What is a overplay in poker?

Overplaying in poker means investing more chips than you should in a hand. Some players do this because they think their cards are stronger than they really are.

The overplay usually happens because a player misjudges their hand, either preflop or postflop. If this lapse of judgment happens at the wrong time, they can lose a lot of chips.

We’re going to talk about the main reasons that players overplay their hands in poker, plus ways you can avoid this costly mistake.

But first, let's see a few overplays in real poker scenarios.

Ace Queen is strong, but not that strong

We’re going to look at two poker hands where players overplayed their cards and wound up losing massive pots.

Какой вид покера предпочитаешь?

1. Postflop Overplay – Top Pair vs A♥ A♦

Our first hand comes from Hustlers Casino, where Wesley is facing off against Francisco. The hand started aggressively, with Wesley 3-betting his pocket Aces.

Here’s where Francisco began to overplay his hand, possibly because of Wesley’s loose and aggressive reputation. He calls big flop and river bets, with no draw and a medium-strength kicker. Despite big bets from Wesley, he continues to call until the river.

Then, Francisco leads the river with an all-in bet, which Wesley calls within one or two seconds.

This hand turned out well for Wesley

Why is this an overplay from Francisco?

If Wesley is betting for value, Q♠ J♠ is almost certainly not in the lead. Wesley is representing quite a strong hand with the betting line he has taken, meaning that w can expect hands like A-A, K-K, Q-Q, A-Q, and even K-Q.

When Francisco shoves all-in for $110,000 on the river, only better hands than Q♠ J♠ will call. Instead of betting, Francisco could have checked, then considered calling a bet from Wesley.

The table thought this was an overplay from Francisco, and unfortunately, they may be right.

2. Overplay – J♦ J♥ vs A♥ A♠

Sometimes, you expose yourself to more risk than you need to. This next hand from a huge Triton cash game is a great example of that.

As you can see below, the action starts with a raise from Aaron Zang holding A♥ A♠.

  • A♥ A♠ raises to $4,000.
  • J♦ J♥ 3-bets to $15,000.
  • A♥ A♠ 4-bets to $55,000.
  • J♦ J♥ 5-bet shoves (moves all-in) to $200,000.
Pocket Jacks isn’t too strong after a 4-bet from Aaron Zang

Why is this an overplay from Tan Xuan with pocket Jacks?

It’s very unlikely that worse hands will call his $200,000 all-in. Pocket pairs below J♦ J♥, like 10-10 and 9-9, don’t usually 4-bet (but Zang did). The hands we expect to 4-bet, like pocket Queens, Kings, and Aces, all have an 80%+ chance of winning against J♦ J♥.

If Tan Xuan is lucky, he may be called by hands like A-K or A-Q suited, but this still doesn’t mean he is far ahead. A-K suited has 45% equity against J♦ J♥.

In both of these example hands, players exposed themselves to more risk than they needed to while holding mid-strength hands.

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The Major Problem with Overplaying Hands

When you overplay your hand, you do two things:

  1. You force the worse hands to fold. (losing value from weaker hands)
  2. You only get called when you are beaten. (giving value to stronger hands)

Of course, this is a generalization, but it's usually true. Sometimes, you’ll get away with an overplay and things will work out in your favor. Most of the time, you’ll make worse hands fold and better hands call; meaning you cause a bad situation either way.

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Don’t fall in love with your cards. Inexperienced players often overplay large pocket pairs, finding it hard to accept that they could be behind their opponent.

With mid-strength hands, don’t look to invest all of your chips. Most of the time, you should aim to control the size of the pot and get to showdown with your mid-strength hands. Of course, there are times when mid-strength hands can be played aggressively, but not always.

Be aware of how flop, turn, and river cards affect your hand. Remember that everything changes with new cards. Which draws did that card complete? Does that card help my opponent or is it a safe card? Overplays happen when players blindly assume they have the best hand, which can change with a single card.

Start thinking in terms of ranges. Lot’s of overplays can be avoided by thinking about your opponent’s range. A range is the full spread of hands our opponents could have at one specific moment. Their bets and their position can tell you a lot about their range. When your own hand is weak, you want to avoid going up against strong ranges.

Ranges in Poker: Think About Hands Like The Pros
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